Education in Debrecen
Debrecen, primarily relying on its historical traditions can be considered a true school town,
and as a result there is a considerable number of kindergartens, primary schools, grammar
schools and vocational high schools.
The public education supply is further increased by the fact that there are several towns within
a 10-25 km circle, which also have a rich educational infrastructure. (59 kindergartens, 52
primary schools, 9 grammar schools and 7 vocational high schools).
The general aim of the kindergartens functioning in the city is to present a colourful,
emotionally motivated scope of activities that may be interesting for a child. In the framework
of this several kindergartens offer a playful way of learning the English language (for
example Gyermekkert Kindergarten, Martonfalvi Kindergarten, Pósa utcai Kindergarten), and
they endeavour to mediate simple scientific knowledge, by way of introducing the elements of
the natural environment (e.g. Debrecen: Gönczy Pál utcai Kindergarten, Margit téri
Kindergarten, Petőfi Sándor Kindergarten, Szivárvány Kindergarten).
Among the primary schools in the table the Lilla téri Primary School is exceptional, where –
as the only one in the city – there is bilingual Hungarian-English education. Besides this the
Dózsa György Primary School (higher level English and German from 5. grade), the Hatvani
István Primary School (higher level English 5. grade), the Kossuth Lajos Training Primary
School of the University of Debrecen (higher level English and German from 3. grade) and
the Vörösmarty Mihály Primary School (higher level English, German and French from 3.
grade) as well as the Vénkerti Primary School (higher level English from 3. grade) treat
language teaching as a distinguished field of education and in that spirit they have a higher
level of teaching.
Besides this primary schools lay special emphasis on teaching science-related subjects; at the
Bolyai János Primary School there is higher level mathematics teaching from 5. grade, at the
Csapókerti Primary School there is higher level mathematics and computer skills teaching
from 5. grade, at the József Attila Primary School there is higher level mathematics teaching
from 5. grade, at the Dóza György Primary School there is higher level informatics teaching
from 5. grade, while at the Hatvani István Primary School there is mathematics and
informatics teaching from 5. grade.
Secondary educational institution network
The wide spectrum of secondary educational institution network in Debrecen is indicated well
by the fact that there are six schools providing bilingual education in the city: Ady Endre
Grammar School – English, Bethlen Gábor Economic and Postal Services Vocational High
School – English, Csokonai Vitéz Mihály Grammar School – Italian, Fazekas Mihály
Grammar School – Spanish, Irinyi János Grammar School, Vocational and Technical School
– German, Mechwart András Engineering and Informatics Vocational High School – German.
Partly to meet the requirements created by the ESS, training in the English language is being
prepared at the Dienes László Grammar School, Healthcare and Social Training School, as
well as the Erdey-Grúz Tibor Chemical Secondary School.
The outstanding role of the technical and natural science education in the city is realized
basically in two ways: on the one hand grammar schools provide the opportunity to choose
science-related classes (e.g. at the Tóth Árpád Grammar School students may choose to study
mathematics, informatics and physics in higher number of classes, at the Kossuth Lajos
Practicing Grammar School of the University of Debrecen, both in the 6 and 4 class training,
science-related orientation can be chosen).
Besides this certain vocational schools provide such special training (e.g.: Mechwart András
Engineering and Informatics Vocational High School – the school is an important base for
technical, informatics secondary education, at the Péchy Mihály Technical Secondary School
– students in the technical specialty study in architecture and engineering professional groups,
Gábor Dénes Electronics Technical Secondary School – the only vocational school in the
region with a purely electronics profile, which also pays special attention to informatics
training, Beregszászi Pál Industrial Vocational School – students may apply for technical
specialties, electro technical-electronics and informatics special groups, Erdey-Grúz Tibor
Chemical Secondary School – in the technical filed of specialty the students may study
chemical industry and environmental protection-water management professional groups).
Looking at the scope of attraction of the public education institutions, the rate of commuters
among primary school students is 1.5%, however in the secondary schools of the city, in
200544% of the students were from the country. The majority of those coming from outside
Debrecen naturally comes from other settlements of the county (35%), 8% of the students
arrive from across the county border, and 1% choose an institution in Debrecen from abroad.
University of Debrecen
The University of Debrecen, considering itself the intellectual heir of the Reformed College
established in 1538, similarly to other integrated higher education institutions in the country
was established on January 1. 2000, by way of reuniting formerly independent institutions.
The education credit system in accordance with the Bologna process, makes it possible for
students to study abroad, and have that recognized. With its 19,000 full-time students and a
total student-body of 29,000, with more than 1,400 instructors, it is one of the biggest higher
education institutions in the country, but with its 15 faculties (two of these are outside
Debrecen – Hajdúböszörmény, Nyíregyháza) and 21 doctoral schools (both numbers are the
highest in the country), it offers the widest choice of training and education for the students.
The quality of teaching and research is indicated by the fact that more than two-thirds of the
instructors have doctoral degrees, and among them 30 professors are regular or
Faculty of Science and Technology and the Institution of Informatics
The University is made up of three centres. From the point of view of the ESS the most
important institutions of the University Faculties are the Faculty of Science and Technology
and the Institution of Informatics. The mathematical, physics and chemical researches
ongoing within the framework of the former are of European significance (the preparation of
the English language education related to these areas are in progress, and the instructors of
these units attend English language trainings at the Medical and Health Sciences Centre) and
the unit also attends to the electrical engineer, chemical engineer and bio-engineer training.
The Institution of Informatics trains information specialists at a level of international
acknowledgment, and with this it provides the supply of true specialists for enterprises
The Centre of Agricultural and Technical Sciences
The Centre of Agricultural and Technical Sciences is, on the one hand the centre of
agricultural specialist training of outstanding importance from the point of view of developing
the agricultural economy of the region, on the other hand, through the education of the related
Technical Faculty, it also plays a significant role in meeting the demands of economic
development (for example mechanical engineers – meeting the demands of production
Medical and Health Sciences Centre
The Medical and Health Sciences Centre keeping up with the drastic technical development
serves patient care, as well as specialist, dentist and pharmacist specialist and healthcare
specialist training through several infrastructural investments, renewed equipment park, and
applying the most modern techniques. The international educational significance of the Centre
is increased by the fact that in three fields (medical, dental, and pharmaceutical) there is
training conducted in the English language as well. (Considering the number of students of
the Centre, it can be stated that the number of foreign students now exceeds that of the
Hungarians). It is recognition of the high level of education of the institution that the medical
degrees issued here are acknowledged in many countries from Norway to the United States.
The high level of research is indicated by the fact that the Molecular Medicine Research
Centre was granted the title of EU Centre of Excellence and the Clinical Genomics Centre is
the leading institution of the domestic human genome researches.
Debrecen Summer School
Receiving foreigners in Debrecen may be promoted by the Debrecen Summer School,
which as an independent institution of the University undertakes teaching Hungarian as a
second language. Among the institutions performing such a task, this summer university has
the longest tradition, it has been operating since 1927. More than 600 foreign students take
part in its spring, summer and winter courses, who, through using the Debrecen Summer School’s
own language teaching material, Hungarolingua and the Lingua Hungarica series, starting